Disciplinarity refers to expertise in a discipline, including the understanding of methodology and the capacity to obtain, analyse, and employ specialized knowledge. Interdisciplinarity designates an experience of investigating an issue or problem that relies on contributions from several disciplines or professions and that may be applied or mentored in a collaborative manner.
Interdisciplinarity involves researchers, project teams, students, and teachers in the goals of connecting and integrating several schools of thought, professions, or technologies—along with their specific perspectives—in the pursuit of a common task. Interdisciplinarity can be applied to complex subjects that can only be understood by combining the perspectives of two or more fields. Business organizations don’t survive unless Sales, Marketing, Operations, Research and Development, Finance, and Human Resources all work together. Hospitals cannot function without the interaction of countless medical, psychological, legal, financial, and administrative disciplines.
An interdisciplinary project may not succeed if its members remain stuck in their disciplines (and in disciplinary attitudes). Those who lack experience in interdisciplinary collaborations may also not fully appreciate the intellectual contribution of colleagues from those discipline. From the disciplinary perspective, however, much interdisciplinary work may be seen as “soft”, lacking in rigor, or ideologically motivated; these beliefs place barriers in the career paths of those who choose interdisciplinary work.
Source: Interdisciplinarity – Wikipedia
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See also> What makes interdisciplinarity work
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